JAMB Syllabus for Yoruba


This JAMB Syllabus for Yoruba aims to prepare the candidates for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

JAMB Syllabus for Yoruba

General Objectives | JAMB Syllabus for Yoruba

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Yorùbá is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

  1. stimulate and sustain their interest in Yorùbá language, literature and culture;
  2. acquire basic knowledge and skill in Yorùbá language, literature and material and non-material aspects of culture.

Structure of the Examination

The test will be of an objective type, candidates will answer fifty (50) multiple-choice questions covering all aspects of the syllabus:

1. LANGUAGE:

(a) Comprehension (1 prose and 1 verse)          10 items
(b) Essay writing                                                 01 items
(c) Sound system                                                04 items
(d) Grammar                                                       06 items
(e) Current orthography                                     02 items
(f) Translation                                                      02 items

2. LITERATURE:

(a) Oral                                                              06 items
(b) Written                                                         09 items

3. CULTURE                                                      10 items

TOTAL                                                               50 items

DETAILED SYLLABUS

Topic 1: Language

a) Comprehension:
i) Prose; and
ii) Verse.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:
(i) identify central issues in a passage and draw appropriate conclusions;
(ii) determine basic assumptions and express ideas; and
(iii) identify the meanings and functions of given phrases and sentences.

b) Essay Writing.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:
(i) identify different types of essay; and
(ii) apply different types of techniques associated with each type.

c) Sound System:
i) Production of Sounds (consonants and vowels);
ii) Tones and tone change;
iii) Syllable structure; and
iv) Sound processes, co-vowel occurrence, elision and deletion, etc.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:
(i) identify organs of speech, speech sounds and parameters for describing each speech sound;
(iia) determine their correct usages;
(iib) detect linguistic errors (pronunciations and wrong usages);
(iii) determine the syllable components of words; and
(iv) demonstrate knowledge of the basic principles underlying the relationship between sounds.

d) Grammar:
i) Morphology – Word formation;
ii) Loan-word integration;
iii) Word classes – nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, conjunctions, prepositions, etc;
iv) Phrases and clauses – types and functions;
v) Sentences- types, structures, and functions; and
vi) Grammatical categories – tense and aspects.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:
(i) demonstrate good knowledge of word derivation;
(ii) demonstrate knowledge of word adoption;
(iii) identify the appropriate class a word belongs to;
(iv) demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Yorùbá syntax;
(v) identify the types, structures, and functions of sentences; and
(vi) demonstrate good knowledge of non-lexical items.

e) Current Orthography.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
present ideas in acceptable written form.

f) Translation.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
interpret sentences and ideas in accordance with acceptable principles.

Topic 2: Literature

(a) Oral Literature:
(i) Prose: Amọo, A. (2010). À kójọpọ̀ Àlọ́ À pagbè, Akurẹ: Hirise Celebrity Publishers.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) identify central issues, problems and the component parts of an idea presented in a work; and
(ii) draw appropriate conclusions

(ii) Poetry: Babalọla, A. (2001). À wọn Oríkì Orílẹ̀ Mẹ́tàdínlọ́gbọ̀n, Lagos: Longman Nig. Ltd.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) deduce logical inferences from abstract relations of components of an idea in a work; and
(ii) identify the figurative and idiomatic expressions in the poem.

(b) Written Literature:
(i) Prose: Ajéwọlé, O. (2005) Ì gbẹ̀yìn L’aláyò N Ta, Ibadan: Extention Publications Limited.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) demonstrate good knowledge of ideas in works of art;
(ii) draw moral lessons from the text;
(iii) identify the narrative techniques in the text; and
(iv) identify the figurative and idiomatic expressions in the text.

(ii) Poetry: Fádíyà, O. (2008). Ì yá À tàtà, Ibadan: Lasswell.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i)  deduce the import of written works of art and genres; and
(ii) identify the figurative and idiomatic expressions in the poem.

(iii) Drama: Tẹ̀là, L. (2007). È gún Orí Ìkúnlẹ̀, Ibadan: Rasmed Publication Limited.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) identify the central theme of works;
(ii) interpret same in accordance with acceptable principles of the society;
(iii) identify types of drama;
(iv) identify the figurative and idiomatic expressions in the drama; and
(v) extract the narrative techniques in the drama.

Topic 3: Culture

(a) È rò àti ig̀ bàgbọ́:
Olódùmarè, àkùdàáyà, emèrè, àjẹ́, àwọn irúnmọlẹ̀ abbl

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
distinguish traditional practices and acceptable ways of life from modern and common sense beliefs.

(b)  È tò iṣ̀èlú àti ààbò il̀ ú:
Ẹgbẹ́ àti ọgbà, oyè jíjẹ àti àwọn ìjòyẹ̀, ogun jíjà abbl.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
assess the functions and roles of individuals, chieftains, and groups in ensuring peace, stability and continuity of society.

(c) È tò is̀in ̀ kú àti ogún pínpín:
Òkú àgbà, òkú ọ̀fọ́, òkú òòṣà, ìtúfọ̀, ilẹ̀ òkú gbígbẹ́, ìdí igi, mọ̀lẹ́bí, bàbá ìsìnkú abbl.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) distinguish between traditional practices; and
(ii) relate them to funerals and inheritance.

(d) Òǹkà Yorùbá:
 Oókan títí dé ọ̀kẹ́ kan (1-20,000).

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) count in Yorùbá numerals; and
(ii) apply addition, deduction and division methods in Yorùbá.

(e) Ayẹyẹ:
Ì gbéyàwó, ìsọmọlórúkọ, ìwúyè abbl. 

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
relate social activities and events to appropriate situations.

(f) È tò Ìwòsàn:
Ì tọ́jú aláìsàn, ìtọ́jú àti ìgbẹ̀bí aboyún, abbl.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
demonstrate knowledge of the best way of using the appropriate health care practices.

(g) Eré id ̀ árayá:
(i) eré òṣùpa – àlọ́, bojúbojú abbl; and
(ii) eré ojúmọmọ – ìjàkadì, ayò, òkòtó, àrín abbl.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) identify types of Yorùbá traditional games;
(ii) identify rules and regulations guiding each game; and
(iii) mention values derived from each game.

(h) Iṣẹ́ àbínibí àti oúnjẹ ilẹ̀ Yorùbá:
(i) Iṣẹ́-àgbẹ̀ ìṣọ̀nà, ìlù lílù abbl; and
(ii) Oúnjẹ – àbàrí, iyán, ẹ̀wà abbl.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
(i) demonstrate adequate knowledge of the various traditional professions;
(ii) compare various traditional professions;
(iii) demonstrate knowledge of preparing each type of Yorùbá food; and
(iv) mention nutritional values of each food.

(i) Ìranra-ẹni-lọ́wọ́:
Àáró,ẹ̀bẹ̀sẹ́, owó yíyá abbl. 

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
examine various ways of benefiting from communal relationships.

(j) Ẹ̀ kọ́ il̀ é:
Ì wà ọmọlúàbí àti àǹfààní rẹ̀.

Objectives

Candidates should be able to:
identify acceptable patterns of behaviour and attitude that conform with society norms and values.

Recommended Texts

1. Language

Abíọ́dún, J. (1995). Àròkọ àti Aáyan Ò gbufọ̀, Lagos: MAJAB Publishers.
Adéwọlé, L. O. (et al) (2000). Exam Focus – Yorùbá Language for WASSCE/ SSCE, Ì bàdàn: UP Plc.

  • Awóbùlúyì, O. (1978). Essentials of Yorùbá Grammar, Ìbàdàn: UP Plc.
  • Awóbùlúyì, O. (ed.) (1990). Yorùbá Metalanguage (Èdè-Ìperí Yorùbá) Vol. II, Ìbàdàn: UP Plc.
  • Awóbùlúyì, O. (2008). Ẹ̀ kọ́ Ì ṣẹ̀dá-Ọ̀ rọ̀ Yorùbá, Akurẹ: Montem Paperback.
  • Awóbùlúyì, O. (2013). Ẹ̀ kọ́ Gírámà È dè Yorùbá, Oṣogbo: Atman Ltd.
  • Babalọlá, A. (ed.) (1991). Ìwé Ì mọ́dọ̀tun Yorùbá SSI – SSIII, Longman.
  • Bámgbóṣé,O.(ed.) (1984). Yorùbá Metalanguage (È dè-Ì perí Yorùbá) Vol. 1, Ì bàdàn:UP Plc.
  • Bámgbóṣé, A. (1990). Fọnọ́lọ́jì àti Gírámà Yorùbá, Ìbàdàn.
  • Mustapha, O. (ed.) (1988). Ẹ̀ kọ́-È dè Yorùbá Ò de-òní SSI – SSIII, Macmillian Publishers.
  • Mustapha, O. (ed.) (1991). Ẹ̀ kọ́-È dè Yorùbá Titun SSI–SSIII, Ì bàdàn: UP Plc.
  • Ọdẹ́tókun, A. (et al) (2005). Ìwé Ì gbáradì fún Ì dánwó Yorùbá, Ìbàdàn: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Owólabí, K. (1989). Ìjìnlẹ̀ Ìtúpalẹ̀ Èdè Yorùbá (1) Fónẹ́tíìkì àti Fọnọ́lọ́jì, Ì bàdàn: Oníbọnòjé Press.
  • Owólabí, O. (et al) (1999). Countdown WASSCE/SSCE, NECO, JME (Ì wé Ì gbáràdi fún Ì dánwò À ṣekágbá Yorùbá) Ì bàdàn: Evans.
  • Ọyádèyí, O. (1998). Ìjìnlẹ̀ Fọnọ́lọ́jì àti Gírámà È dè Yorùbá, Ì bàdàn: Heinemann.

2. Literature

All the prescribed texts are reflected as applicable on the syllabus under Topics/Contents.

3. Culture

  • Adéoyè, C. L. (1979). Àṣà àti Ì ṣe Yorùbá, Ìbàdàn: OUP.
  • Adéoyè, C. L. (1985). Ìgbàgbọ́ àti Ẹ̀ sìn Yorùbá, Ìbàdàn: Oníbọnọ̀jé Press.
  • Ládéĺé, T. A. (et al) (1986). Àkójọpọ̀ Ì wádìí Ìjìnlẹ̀ À ṣà Yorùbá, Ìbàdàn: Macmillian Publishers.

JAMB Syllabus for Yoruba | PDF Document

RECOMMENDED: 

For the more interactive JAMB syllabus, see JAMB IBASS Syllabus.