Ghana’s Foreign Policy
Ghana’s foreign policy objectives continue to be directed towards the promotion and protection of the interests of Ghana, establishment of a just and equitable international economic policy and social order. The rest are the promotion of respect for international law and treaty obligations and settlement of international disputes by peaceful means as well as adherence to the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth, the ECOWAS Treaty and other organisations of which Ghana is a member.
Ghana’s foreign policy since independence has been characterized by a commitment to the principles and ideals of nonalignment and Pan-Africanism as first enunciated by Osaagyefo Dr Kwame Nkrumah in the early 1960s. For Nkrumah, nonalignment meant complete independence from the policies and alliances of both East and West and support for a worldwide union of nonaligned nations as a counter to both East and West power blocs. PanAfricanism , by contrast, was a specifically African policy that envisioned the liberation of African peoples from Western colonialism and the eventual economic and political unity of the African continent.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in concert with its Diplomatic Missions abroad, has the responsibility for the conduct of Ghana’s foreign policy. To that end, the Ministry is the chief advisor to the Government in the formulation of Ghana’s foreign policy. In order to carry out its Mission, the Ministry makes recommendations to the Government on appropriate initiatives, options and responses in the light of unfolding domestic and international events and situations.
The fundamental principles that guide Ghana’s foreign policy are contained in Ghana’s 1992 Constitution. Article 40 of the Constitution provides the broad principles underpinning her foreign policy as follows:
- Promotion and protection of the interest of Ghana;
- Establishment of a just and equitable international, economic, political and social order;
- Promotion of respect for international law and treaty obligations;
- Promotion of the settlement of international disputes through peaceful means;
- Adherence to the principles enshrined in the Charter and aims or ideals of the United Nations, the African Union, the ECOWAS, the Commonwealth and the Non-Aligned Movement.