Economics » Theory of Production » Division of Labour and Specialization

Disadvantages of Division of Labour

Disadvantages of Division of Labour and Specialization

1) Lack of Craftsmanship:

Division of labour does not make workers craftsmen. They are trained to be producers of only parts of products rather than producers of whole products. That is, each worker cannot claim the knowledge of all the processes used to produce a product.

2) Monotony of Work:

Performing the same task all the time and, over and over again may create boredom on the part of workers. It may also be unchallenging and in turn, kill workers’ initiatives.

3) Over-dependence among Workers:

In division of labour, there is total dependence of a worker on other workers. The task performed by each worker is key to the production process to the extent that the absence from work of a worker may halt production.

4) Redundancy of Workers:

In division of labour, a worker may be rendered redundant whenever his skill is no longer needed. Because he is a specialist in the performance of one task, transferring him to perform another task becomes a problem.

5) Dumping of Mass Produced Goods:

Division of labour has led to mass production of certain goods and brought about dumping of such in other countries to kill domestic production in countries where the goods have been dumped.

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