Advantages of Division of Labour and Specialisation
1) Development of Greater Skill by the Worker:
In division of labour, each worker specialises in doing only one task. By repeating the same task over and over, the worker develops greater skill in it and becomes a specialist in the task.
2) Increase in Productivity:
Division of labour leads to increased productivity of the worker. Developing greater skills and becoming a specialist in a certain aspect increases the productivity of the worker and that of production as a whole.
3) Saving of Time:
The time that would have been wasted by each worker moving around to change tasks and tools is saved when division of labour is practised.
4) Increased Use of Machines and Equipment:
In division of labour, because the production process is broken down into smaller units of tasks and each worker’s routine is for the performance of one task, machines and equipment may be used to perform the task. It is easier to get machines and equipment to perform only a single and simple task than several and complex tasks.
5) Mass Production at Decreasing Cost:
Division of labour has led to mass production arising from increased productivity. This brings down the unit cost and creates cheaper selling prices.