Advantages of Parliamentary System
Ensures Continuity in Government
Where there is a change in government, the Head of State does not leave office. Only the head of government does, with her entire government. The advantage is that, there is someone to hold the state together until a new government is formed. It therefore ensures that there is a peaceful transfer of power from one government to another.
It Reduces the Workload
In a parliamentary system, there exists a dual executive. In other words, there is a head of state and a head of government. It is therefore easy for the two executives to share the functions of the executive between them. The sharing of the workload makes the work less heavy for the two of them.
Less Likely to Become Dictatorial
One of the features of a parliamentary system of government is the existence of an official opposition. One of the main duties of the opposition is to keep the government in check. Once the government is kept in check, the leader is less likely to degenerate into a dictator. Another feature of the parliamentary system that helps to prevent dictatorship is the dual executive. The two executives act as a check on each other thereby preventing the rise of a dictatorship.
In a parliamentary system of government, the parliamentary candidates vie for the seats in their constituency and after that the party that wins the majority seat is asked to form the next government led by the Prime Minister. The advantage is that there is only one level of election and therefore less expenditure to incur.
Ensures Responsible Governance
In a parliamentary system, the entire cabinet is collectively responsible to parliament for all their actions. Parliament is a representative of the people and they have the power to pass a vote of no confidence in the cabinet if it no longer enjoy their support. In which case, the government must resign en-bloc to be replaced by another. The fear that it could be driven out of power for non-performance, compels them ensure that the needs of the people are met.
Loyalty to the State
The position of the Head of State is non-partisan or, at least, expected to be. Therefore, the Head of State is an embodiment of the states. For this reason, the citizens tend to be loyal to the Head of State who embodies the state.