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Connective Tissue

Connective Tissue

Connective tissue is a biological tissue that is important in supporting, connecting or separating different types of tissues and organs in the body. All connective tissue is made up of cells, fibres (such as collagen) and extracellular matrix. There are different types of connective tissues with different functions. The following table lists the different types of connective tissue.

Connective tissue typeStructureFunctionLocationDiagram/Photo
Areolar (loose connective)jelly matrix; has network of elastic fibres which attach togetherholds the organs in place, cushions and protects organs (acts as a packing material)surrounds blood vessels and nerves ad found in the mesentry which surrounds the intestine
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Loose connective tissue.

White fibrousconsists of non-elastic fibresacts as a shock absorber, transfers or absorbs forcesin tendons, ligaments and many tough membrane sheaths that surround organs
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White fibrous tissue.

Cartilagerubbery matrix, can be flexible or rigidgives structure, shape and strength; reduces friction; provides supportjoints, nose, sternum, trachea
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Cartilage.

Bone tissuemade up of collagen fibres; mineralised with calcium and phosphates to make it solidprovides strength and support; creates red blood cells and white blood cells;bones found all over the body
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Osteoclast, a type of bone tissue.

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