Introducing the Second Republic

Introducing the Second Republic

The Second Republic (1979 – 1983) presidential system of government favoured multi-party system. The Federal Electoral System (FEDECO) had to register five (5) political parties for the election. The five (5) of them were: The National Party of Nigeria (NPN), the Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN), the Nigerian People’s Party (NPP), the Great Nigerian People’s Party (GNPP), and the People’s Redemption Party (PRP).

These five (5) political parties contested in the 1979 general elections. In 1982, Nigerian Advanced Party (NAP) was registered, making it six (6) that contested in the 1983 general elections.


Contested elections and political turbulence in the Western region ended Nigeria’s First republic in 1966 with the overthrow of the government by majors of the Nigerian army. A unitary style of government was subsequently decreed into law. After a counter-coup six months later, the country was drawn to a civil war between federal forces and Biafran forces (Eastern region).

In the midst of the war, just before the war, 12 new states were created from the four regions. After the victory of federal forces in 1970, the country began a period of economic boom fueled by increasing oil production and rising oil prices. The Nigerian governing structure was further broken up with the creation of smaller states in 1976, bringing the total number of states to 19.

Political Parties

  • Greater Nigerian People’s Party (GNPP)
  • National Party of Nigeria (NPN)
  • Nigeria Advance Party (NAP)
  • Nigerian People’s Party (NPP)
  • People’s Redemption Party (PRP)
  • Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN)

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This is a lesson from the tutorial, Post-Independence Nigerian Party Politics and you are encouraged to log in or register, so that you can track your progress.

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