Biology » Introduction to Biology » Presenting Data

Tables in Biology

Using Tables in Biology: What is a table?

  • A table is a summary of data, using as few words as possible.
  • It is a grid divided up into rows and columns.
  • The heading is placed above the table.
  • The heading should include both variables under investigation- the dependent and independent variables.
  • Independent variable is placed in the first column.
  • The column headings should mention the units that were used, eg. grams, hours, km/hr, cm.
Table grid divided up into rows and columns.

A table is a grid divided up into rows and columns.

When to use a table?

  • To summarise information.
  • To compare related things or aspects.
  • To record the results of an experiment.
  • To illustrate patterns and trends.
  • To record the data which will be used to construct a graph.

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