Chemistry » Gases » Gas Pressure

# Summarizing Gas Pressure

## Key Concepts and Summary

Gases exert pressure, which is force per unit area. The pressure of a gas may be expressed in the SI unit of pascal or kilopascal, as well as in many other units including torr, atmosphere, and bar. Atmospheric pressure is measured using a barometer; other gas pressures can be measured using one of several types of manometers.

## Key Equations

• $$P=\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{F}{A}$$
• p = hρg

## Glossary

### atmosphere (atm)

unit of pressure; 1 atm = 101,325 Pa

### bar

(bar or b) unit of pressure; 1 bar = 100,000 Pa

### barometer

device used to measure atmospheric pressure

### hydrostatic pressure

pressure exerted by a fluid due to gravity

### manometer

device used to measure the pressure of a gas trapped in a container

### pascal (Pa)

SI unit of pressure; 1 Pa = 1 N/m2

### pounds per square inch (psi)

unit of pressure common in the US

### pressure

force exerted per unit area

### torr

unit of pressure; $$\text{1 torr}=\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\frac{1}{760}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{atm}$$