Future Tense

Future Tense

Future tense as the name implies talks about action in the future; actions that are yet to take place.

We have:

Simple future tense

Future continuous tense

Future perfect tense

Future perfect continuous tense

Simple future tense

Simple future tense is formed by using the modal will or shall and the verb without any inflection/suffix. It indicates an action that will occur in later time.

I will go to the cinema on Christmas.

The world will come to an end very soon.

It will soon rain.

We shall know the truth some day.

Will they arrive the same time?

Future continuous tense

Future continuous tense is formed by using will/shall with be and the verb+ing. It basically indicates actions that will be progressive or will be going on as at a time in the future.

You will be sleeping by then.

The children will be having their lunch by 2pm.

Will you be teaching before the break is over?

I am sure they will not be dancing by then.

Future perfect tense

Future perfect tense is formed by using will/shall followed by ‘have’ and the past participle of the main verb. Here the action will be complete as at the reference time.

By 10 o’clock my work will have finished.

I will have read 10 books when I finish Oral English Pedagogue.

We will have just landed by the time you will take off.

Future perfect continuous tense

This indicates action that will have started at a point in future and will still be progressive or continuing.

By this time next year, I will have been teaching here for seven years.

The man will have been living with us for sixteen years by July 2018.

Expressing Future Tense in the Past

Interestingly, future tense can be expressed also in the past. The past form of the modal auxiliary verb will is used. That is ‘would’.

It is common with reported speech.

The man promised he would renovate the classroom.

The principal asked him if they would teach all the classes.

Balancing Tense in a Complex Sentence

When you use a complex sentence, that is a sentence that has both the main clause and the subordinate clause, the tense must be balanced or in the same sequence.

For instance, when the main clause expresses an action in the past, the subordinate clause must also be expressed in the past:

We became angry because she left early.

The man warned his children so that they could avoid dangers.

If he had come early, he wouldn’t have missed the exam.

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