Recall that the Constitution is a set of laws and rules that sets up machinery of the government of a state and which defines and determines the relations between the different institutions and components of the government , the executive, the legislature, the judiciary, the central and the local government. It is a Supreme Law of the state or country which lays out the procedure for the establishment of legislation or laws and administration of the state. It is the bed rock of the government in any country.
Functions of the Constitution
- It projects the form of government in the country.
- It ensures the fundamental rights to it’s citizens.
- It directs the states in making legislation.
- It lays out the procedures for several functions, administrations, legislation, execution of the government machinery.
- It provides for the separation of Powers.
- It provides for the independence of each organ, i.e. legislative, executive and judiciary.
- It upholds the sovereignty of the nation.
- It acts as a check in maladministration and misuse of powers.
- It provides for accountability of government to the people of the country.
- It provides for judicial review in case of laws violating the Supreme procedure established by law (i.e. Constitution)