There are many things the government can do to protect the rights of its citizens. One thing the government can do is to guarantee these rights in a written document such as the Constitution. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, called the Bill of Rights, guarantee basic freedoms of the American people. For example, freedom of speech, the right to bear arms, and freedom of religion are guaranteed rights.
The government must also protect its citizens when there is an attempt to take away their rights. The government fights the threats created by terrorist attacks. By working to stop terrorists, who want to take away some of the civic rights and freedoms, the government works to protect the rights and freedoms that citizens have.
Sometimes, the government will pass laws to protect rights. People who do things to violate the rights of citizens, like stealing of property, are punished when they break the law. The government creates laws to help keep people safe and to help safeguard their rights.
List of Methods for Safeguarding Civil Liberties and Rights
- The presence of an independent judiciary to adjudicate disputes that may arise among citizens and between citizens and government officials helps to protect the rights of citizens. The disputes must be settled by an impartial court and this kind of impartiality serves to protect the liberties of the citizens.
- Safeguarding the rights and liberties of citizens can be done by entrenching the relevant clauses in the constitution. Since, an entrenched clause is difficult to change, the right of the citizen is protected by law.
- A free and independent press can also prove helpful for safeguarding the rights of citizens in a country. The media can serve as a voice for the citizens, helping to protect their rights by exposing misdeeds that threaten such rights.
- The existence of efficient law enforcement agencies helps to protect the rights of the citizens and make sure those rights are enjoyed to the full by the citizens. An efficient police force for instance, ensures the maintenance of law and order allowing for citizens to enjoy their rights by punishing those who abuse the rights of others.
- One duty of the office of the Ombudsman is to investigate abuses of human rights and liberties of citizens and find a means of resolving them. This can also help to safeguard the rights of citizens in a state.