Topics explored include laboratory skills, the atom, atomic models, atomic mass and diameter, structure of the atom, isotopes, electronic configurations and compounds.
Topics explored include materials, mixtures, pure substances, formulae of substances, metals, metalloids, non-metals, the periodic table and arrangement of the elements.
Topics explored include states of matter, kinetic molecular theory, motion of particles, ideal gas laws, ideal gas equations, intermolecular forces and the chemistry of water.
Topics explored include physical and chemical change, conservation of atoms and mass in reactions, law of constant composition, and balancing chemical equations.
Topics explored include ions in aqueous solution, electrolytes, ionization and conductivity, precipitation reactions as well as other types of reactions.
Topics explored include atomic mass and the mole, composition, amount of substance, stoichiometric calculations, gases and solutions, and volume relationships.
Topics explored include what chemical bonding is, Lewis structures, covalent, ionic and metallic bonding, writing formulae, molecular shapes, electronegativity.
Topics explored include energy changes in chemical reactions, exothermic and endothermic reactions, activation energy and activated complex and reaction rates.
Topics explored include what chemical equilibrium is, reversible reactions, the equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier's principle and using the Le Chatelier's principle.
Topics explored include acids and bases, acid-base reactions, redox reactions, oxidation and reduction, pH scale, pH calculations, titrations and titration calculations.
Topics explored include writing redox and half-reaction equations, galvanic and electrolytic cells, standard electrode potentials, and applications of electrochemistry.
Topics explored include organic molecular structures, IUPAC naming and formulae, physical properties and structure of organic molecules, plastics and polymers.
Topics explored include, nutrients and the chemical industry, fertilizers, the fertilizer industry, alternative sources of fertilizers, fertilizers and the environment.
Topics explored include what matter is, elements, atoms, ions, isotopes, compounds, composition of substances and solutions, atomic mass, moles and molarity.
Topics explored include writing chemical equations, classifying chemical reactions, reaction stoichiometry, reaction yields and quantitative chemical analysis.
Topics explored include electromagnetic energy, the Bohr model, quantum theory, electronic structure of atoms and periodic variations in element properties.