Chemistry » Chemistry and the Real World » The Fertilizer Industry

# Producing Ammonium Nitrate

## Producing ammonium nitrate

Nitric acid and ammonia can react together in an acid-base process to form the salt, ammonium nitrate ($$\text{NH}_{4}\text{NO}_{3}$$). Ammonium nitrate is soluble in water and is often used in fertilizers. The reaction is as follows:

$$\text{NH}_{3}(\text{l}) + \text{HNO}_{3}(\text{l})$$ $$\to$$ $$\text{NH}_{4}\text{NO}_{3}(\text{s})$$

Ammonium nitrate presented as a) the structural formula, b) a three-dimensional molecular representation and c) solid crystals.