The chemical industry: Introduction
This tutorial studies the use of resources, more specifically phosphate rock, natural gas and other gases (like nitrogen and oxygen) to produce fertilizers to sustain a food supply for people on Earth. The industrial processes that are involved in the manufacturing of fertilizers are studied. The purpose of studying this industry is to make you aware of the impact of human activities on the environment and our responsibility to use our resources sustainably. The following topics will be explored in this tutorial.
Introduction to the importance of nutrients
The role of fertilizers
The industrial preparation of fertilizers
Alternative sources of fertilizers
fertilizers and the environment
Nigeria has a population of over 180 million people, and this number is increasing every year. Therefore, maintaining healthy crops plays an important role in providing enough food for the nation. This is also true in other parts of Africa and the world at large.
Fertilizers are used to provide sufficient nutrients to the soil in order to sustain optimum crop yields. The fertilizer industry is therefore an important chemical industry in Nigeria. In this tutorial, we will investigate what fertilizers are, why they are important, how they are produced and what their impact on the environment is.