Chemistry » Chemical Bonding » Ionic Bonding

Summarizing Ionic Bonding

Key Concepts and Summary

Atoms gain or lose electrons to form ions with particularly stable electron configurations. The charges of cations formed by the representative metals may be determined readily because, with few exceptions, the electronic structures of these ions have either a noble gas configuration or a completely filled electron shell. The charges of anions formed by the nonmetals may also be readily determined because these ions form when nonmetal atoms gain enough electrons to fill their valence shells.


inert pair effect

tendency of heavy atoms to form ions in which their valence s electrons are not lost

ionic bond

strong electrostatic force of attraction between cations and anions in an ionic compound

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