Properties of Metals

Properties of metals

  1. Metals are shiny.

  2. Metals conduct electricity because electrons are free to move.

  3. Metals conduct heat because the positive nuclei are packed closely together and can easily transfer the heat.

  4. Metals have a high melting point because the bonds are strong and a high density because of the tight packing of the nuclei.

Optional Activity: Building models

Using coloured balls (or jellytots) and sticks (or toothpicks) build models of each type of bonding. Think about how to represent each kind of bonding. For example, covalent bonding could be represented by simply connecting the balls with sticks to represent the molecules, while for ionic bonding you may wish to construct part of the crystal lattice.

Do some research on types of crystal lattices (although the section on ionic bonding only showed the crystal lattice for sodium chloride, many other types of lattices exist) and try to build some of these. Share your findings with your class and compare notes to see what types of crystal lattices they found. How would you show metallic bonding?


[Attributions and Licenses]

This is a lesson from the tutorial, Bonding and Atomic Combinations and you are encouraged to log in or register, so that you can track your progress.

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