Legislature is a word that comes from the Latin language, meaning “those who write the laws.” A legislature is therefore a group of people who vote for new laws, for example in a state or country. Each person in the legislature is usually either elected or appointed. The constitution of that state or country usually tells how a legislature is supposed to work.
In many countries, the legislature is called a Parliament, Congress, or National Assembly. Sometimes there are two groups of members in the legislature. This is called a “bicameral” legislature. A unicameral legislature has only one group of members. A country, district, city, or other small area may also have something like a legislature. These are often called councils, and they make smaller laws for their areas.
Of the three organs of the government, the place of primacy belongs to the Legislature. The function of government begins by law-making and is followed up by law-enforcement and adjudication functions. As such, the legislature is the first organ of the government.
The term ‘legislature’ is a generic term meaning a body which legislates. The term “Legg” means law and “lature” means the place. Etymologically, Legislature means a place for law-making. Another term, which is used as a synonym of Legislature, is “Parliament.” This word stands derived from the French word “Parley” which means “to talk” or to discuss and deliberate.
In this way, we can say ‘Parliament’ means the place where deliberations are held. Combining the two views, we can say Legislature or Parliament is that branch of government which performs the function of lawmaking through deliberations.
The legislature is that organ of the government which passes the laws of the government. It is the agency which has the responsibility to formulate the will of the state and vest it with legal authority and force. In simple words, the legislature is that organ of the government which formulates laws. Legislature enjoys a very special and important place in every democratic state. It is the assembly of the elected representatives of the people and represents national public opinion and the power of the people.