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Solve for x and y \(\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 \\ 3 & y \end{pmatrix}\)\(\begin{pmatrix} x \\ 1 \end{pmatrix}\) = \(\begin{pmatrix} 4 \\ 1\end{pmatrix}\)...


Question

Solve for x and y \(\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 \\ 3 & y \end{pmatrix}\)\(\begin{pmatrix} x \\ 1 \end{pmatrix}\) = \(\begin{pmatrix} 4 \\ 1\end{pmatrix}\)

Options

A) x = 3, y = 8

B) x = 3, y = -8

C) x = -8, y = 3

D) x = 8, y = -3

The correct answer is B.

Explanation:

\(\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 \\ 3 & y \end{pmatrix}\)\(\begin{pmatrix} x \\ 1 \end{pmatrix}\) = \(\begin{pmatrix} 4 \\ 1\end{pmatrix}\) = x + 1 = 4
x = 4 - 1
= 3
3x + y =1
3(3) = y = 1
= 9 + y = 1
y = 1 - 9
= -8

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Dicussion (1)

  • \(\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 \\ 3 & y \end{pmatrix}\)\(\begin{pmatrix} x \\ 1 \end{pmatrix}\) = \(\begin{pmatrix} 4 \\ 1\end{pmatrix}\) = x + 1 = 4
    x = 4 - 1
    = 3
    3x + y =1
    3(3) = y = 1
    = 9 + y = 1
    y = 1 - 9
    = -8

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