The following factors favoured the introduction of indirect rule in Nigeria exce...
QuestionThe following factors favoured the introduction of indirect rule in Nigeria except the
A) shortage of manpower
B) shortage of funds
C) existence of education elites
D) existence of a system of taxation
The correct answer is C.
Indirect rule is a system of administration used by the British colonial government to govern the people through the use of traditional rulers and traditional political institutions. The indirect rule system was introduced into to Nigeria by Lord Fredrick Lugard.
The British officials in Nigeria formulated and enforced policies and laws through the traditional rulers who only served as intermediaries between the people and the British government.
However, the cultures and traditions of the people were respected and retained by the British authorities in order to make them more acceptable and welcomed by the people.
Indirect rule in northern Nigeria was highly successful due to the structure of their pre-colonial political administration which was highly centralized and the existence of taxation system before the advent of the British.
The Northern protectorate of Nigeria was divided into six provinces under a British official known as ‘Resident’. The provinces were then sub-divided into districts which was also headed by an official known as the district commissioner.
Later on, the Nigerian educated elites began to oppose the indirect rule for some reasons. They claimed that the British administration purposely used the uneducated traditional rulers who could not question or oppose any decision of the British officials.
The British colonial government adopted the system of indirect rule due to the dearth (scarcity or lack) of British personnel and insufficient funds. Also, the success of this system in other countries like India triggered its introduction into Nigeria. Other reasons why the British adopted this system include language barrier, poor climate, selfish interest, i.e satisfaction of Britain’s economic needs, and so on.
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