The most important action in the A horizon of a soil profile is
QuestionThe most important action in the A horizon of a soil profile is
The correct answer is A.
The question is asking about the most important action that takes place in the A horizon of a soil profile. The A horizon is the top layer of soil, also known as the topsoil.
Option A: Eluviation - This is the correct answer. Eluviation refers to the process of minerals and nutrients being leached or washed out of the A horizon and transported downwards to lower layers of the soil profile. This process occurs due to the movement of water through the soil, carrying away dissolved substances.
Option B: Deposition - Deposition refers to the process of sediment or particles being dropped or settled in a particular location. In the context of soil, deposition is not the most important action that occurs in the A horizon.
Option C: Weathering - Weathering is the breakdown or decomposition of rocks and minerals into smaller particles due to exposure to natural elements such as wind, water, and temperature changes. Weathering is an important process in soil formation but it occurs more significantly in the deeper layers of the soil profile rather than the A horizon.
Option D: Illuviation - Illuviation is the process of deposition of materials that have been leached from upper layers of soil and accumulated in lower layers. This process occurs in the B horizon or subsoil, not in the A horizon.
So, the correct answer is Option A: Eluviation. In the A horizon, the most important action is the leaching or removal of minerals and nutrients by water moving through the soil, which is called eluviation. This action helps to enrich the lower layers of the soil profile with essential nutrients.
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