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Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follow.PASSAGE IOne of t...


Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follow.


One of the most potent elements in body language is eye behaviour. You shift your eyes, meet another person's gaze or fail to meet it - and produce an effect out of all proportion to the muscular effort you have made. When two people look searchingly into each other's eyes, emotions are heightened and the relationship tipped toward greater intimacy.

In normal conversation, each eye contact lasts only about a second before one or both individuals look away.

Because the longer meeting of the eyes is rare, it is weighted with significance when it happens and can generate a special kind of human-to-human awareness. Most of the time, a lingering look is interpreted as a sign of attraction and this should be scrupulously avoided except in appropriate circumstances. A young woman once complained, 'That man makes me so uncomfortable, half the time when I glance at him he's already looking at me - and he keeps right on looking.'

Proper street behaviour requires a balance of attention and intention. You are supposed to look at a passer-by just enough to show that you are aware of his presence. If you look too little, you appear haughty or furtive; too much and you are inquisitive. Usually what happens is that people eye each other until they are about eight feet apart, at which point both cast down their eyes. 

Much of eye behaviour is so subtle that we react to it only on the intuitive level. This has been demonstrated in elaborate experiments. Subjects sit and talk in the psychologist's laboratory, innocent of the fact that their eye behaviour is being observed from behind a one-way vision screen. In one fairly typical experiment, subjects were induced to cheat while performing a task, then were interviewed and observed. It was found that those who had cheated met the interviewer's eyes less often than was normal, an indication that 'shifty eyes' can actually be a tip-off to an attempt to deceive.

However, none of the 'facts' of eye behaviour are cut and dried, for there are variations between individuals.

People use their eyes differently and spend different amounts of time looking at others. Besides, no pattern of eye behaviour is precisely predictable in any normal conversation.

Adapted from McQuade (1969), Thinking in Writing, p. 167

From the findings of the research described in the passage, one can reason that


innocent people maintain longer eye contact than the guilty ones
guilty people make Jess frequent gazes during interrogation
'shifty eyes' are equally induced by innocence and guilt
a feeling of guilt is occasioned by 'shifty eyes'

The correct answer is D.

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Dicussion (1)

  • Moyosola

    According to the passage, shifty eyes do not occasion/cause guilt, they are a mere indication of guilt, thus D is incorrect.

    "THOSE WHO HAD CHEATED met the interviewer's eyes LESS OFTEN than was normal"
    The above quotation from the passage shows that B is the correct answer