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In the following passage, the numbered gaps indicate missing words. Against the ...

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In the following passage, the numbered gaps indicate missing words. Against the number in the list below, five choices are offered in options lettered A to E. For this question, choose the word that is the most suitable to fill the gap numbered 4 in the passage.


Probably the motorist saw the ___1___ lorry too ___2___ to be able to ___3___ disaster. However, he realized that if he kept to the ___4___ a probably ___5___ head on ___6___ would be unavoidable. The only alternative was to take the lesser risk of leaving the road. With great care therefore, he turned sharply ___7___ the road and into the ditch by the ___8___. The consequence was that, instead of being involved in a serious and probably fatal ___9___, the ___10___ escaped with a few minor ___11___ and bruises, while the only ___12___ to his car was a bent mud guard. By ___13___ into the roadside ditch to avoid what could have been a collision with the approaching lorry, he averted a ___14___ accident at the ___15___ of a few ___16___ to himself and the slight damage to his car.



The correct answer is A.


In this passage, the motorist is faced with a dangerous situation where an oncoming lorry is approaching too quickly. The motorist has to make a decision to avoid a potentially fatal head-on collision. The passage describes the motorist's decision-making process and the outcome of their choice.

For gap numbered 4, the options are:

  • Option A: road-side (Correct)
  • Option B: traffic
  • Option C: way
  • Option D: road
  • Option E: level-crossing

The correct option is Option A: road-side. The passage states that the motorist realized that if he kept to the road-side, a head-on collision would be unavoidable. This means that the motorist was driving along the side of the road and the lorry was coming from the opposite direction. By choosing to leave the road and go into the ditch, the motorist took a lesser risk to avoid the potentially fatal collision.

The other options are not suitable because they do not convey the same meaning as "road-side" in this context. "Traffic" refers to the movement of vehicles on the road, "way" is a general term for a path or route, "road" refers to the entire pathway for vehicles, and "level-crossing" is a place where a railway line intersects with a road. None of these options describe the specific location on the road where the motorist made his decision to avoid a head-on collision.

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