Read the passage below carefully and answer the question that follows.Over the y...
Read the passage below carefully and answer the question that follows.
Over the years there has been hue and cry by governments and public policy advisers against the phenomenon of the rural-urban drift. Researches have been conducted on various aspects of this phenomenon, which have resulted in the identification of the various causes and consequences of it. In addition, prescriptions have been given for controlling the rural-urban drift.
Among the causes most often mentioned are population pressures in some rural areas resulting in dwindling farmlands; increasing school enrolments and the resultant rise in educational levels which qualify many people for urban employment; higher wages in the urban centers relative to rural centers and the rather naïve one of the ‘bright lights’ in the cities, so much touted by early foreign sociologists.
The most often mentioned consequences of this rural-urban migration include depopulation of the rural areas leading to overcrowding of the cities and the resultant housing and sanitation problems; decline in the cities and increasing urban unemployment. The results of the phenomenon are seen largely as negative.
Measures to control the rural urban drift include the establishment of essential amenities like water, electricity, hospital, colleges, and cinema houses, the location of employment generating establishments and the building of good interconnecting roads.
The sum total of these prescriptions in essence, unwittingly or paradoxically, is for the rural areas to be transformed into urban centers. This is so because to industrialize the rural areas would draw many more people out of agriculture than if industries were restricted to urban centers.
Therefore, rural industrialization holds a higher potential for the de-agriculturalization of the rural population than when industries are concentrated in urban areas.
The phenomenon of rural-urban migration has been intensively and exclusively researched and studied; but it would seem that it has largely been misinterpreted and misunderstood. Consequently, public policies on the subject have largely been misdirected.
One of the reasons why people drift from the rural areas to the urban areas is
A) Hunger resulting from draught.
B) laziness and ignorance
C) Improved rural education and possession of qualification which make better jobs available in urban areas.
D) The easy life and comfort in the city.
The correct answer is C.
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