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The group that oxygen belongs to is collectively called



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  • The chalcogens are the name for the Periodic Table group 16 (or V1). The group consists of the elements: oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium. The name of the group was proposed by Wilhelm Blitz and colleague Werner Fischer of the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry at the University of Hannover, Germany in 1932. The term "chalcogens" was derived from the Greek word chalcos , meaning "ore formers," since they all are be found in copper ores. Their compounds are referred to as "chalcogenides." These names became popular since they are analogous to the names of group 17(V11), halogens, meaning salt formers, and its compounds, halides. As an element oxygen is a gas while the other group members are solids. Both oxygen and sulfur can be found in pure form.