Mathematics » Introducing Graphs » Understand Slope of a Line

# Graphing a Line Given a Point and the Slope

## Graphing a Line Given a Point and the Slope

In this tutorial, we graphed lines by plotting points, by using intercepts, and by recognizing horizontal and vertical lines.

Another method we can use to graph lines is the point-slope method. Sometimes, we will be given one point and the slope of the line, instead of its equation. When this happens, we use the definition of slope to draw the graph of the line.

## Example

Graph the line passing through the point $$\left(1,-1\right)$$ whose slope is $$m=\frac{3}{4}.$$

### Solution

Plot the given point, $$\left(1,-1\right).$$ Use the slope formula $$m=\frac{\text{rise}}{\text{run}}$$ to identify the rise and the run.

$$\begin{array}{}\\ \\ \phantom{\rule{0.8em}{0ex}}m=\frac{3}{4}\hfill \\ \frac{\text{rise}}{\text{run}}=\frac{3}{4}\hfill \\ \\ \\ \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{rise}=3\hfill \\ \phantom{\rule{0.33em}{0ex}}\text{run}=4\hfill \end{array}$$

Starting at the point we plotted, count out the rise and run to mark the second point. We count $$3$$ units up and $$4$$ units right. Then we connect the points with a line and draw arrows at the ends to show it continues. We can check our line by starting at any point and counting up $$3$$ and to the right $$4.$$ We should get to another point on the line.

### How to Graph a line given a point and a slope.

1. Plot the given point.
2. Use the slope formula to identify the rise and the run.
3. Starting at the given point, count out the rise and run to mark the second point.
4. Connect the points with a line.

## Example

Graph the line with $$y$$-intercept $$\left(0,2\right)$$ and slope $$m=-\frac{2}{3}.$$

### Solution

Plot the given point, the $$y$$-intercept $$\left(0,2\right).$$ Use the slope formula $$m=\frac{\text{rise}}{\text{run}}$$ to identify the rise and the run.

$$\begin{array}{}\\ \\ \phantom{\rule{0.8em}{0ex}}m=-\frac{2}{3}\hfill \\ \frac{\text{rise}}{\text{run}}=\frac{-2}{3}\hfill \\ \\ \\ \phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{rise}=–2\hfill \\ \phantom{\rule{0.3em}{0ex}}\text{run}=3\hfill \end{array}$$

Starting at $$\left(0,2\right),$$ count the rise and the run and mark the second point. Connect the points with a line. ## Example

Graph the line passing through the point $$\left(-1,-3\right)$$ whose slope is $$m=4.$$

### Solution

Plot the given point. Identify the rise and the run. $$m=4$$ Write 4 as a fraction. $$\frac{\text{rise}}{\text{run}}=\frac{4}{1}$$ $$\text{rise}=4\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\text{run}=1$$

Count the rise and run. Mark the second point. Connect the two points with a line. Continue With the Mobile App | Available on Google Play